Public Administration Reforms
Adequate food is a human right. This is something that has been formally recognised by the majority of states, but very little has been done to put this recognition into practice. This paper gives practical guidance on how to implement the right to food at the national level. Read more »
The last quarter of the century has seen a wave of new democracies. However in many democracies, the electoral process is fraudulent and powerful incumbents manipulate elections. This calls for a distinction to be drawn between nominal and substantive democracies and this paper focuses on such nominal democracies, where elections are often a façade and democracy is rendered meaningless. Instances of fraudulent elections are rampant in the recent history of many developing countries, creating a need to reform electoral processes. Read more »
Accountability is still seen largely as a toolbox of metrics and mechanisms to bolt on to existing development projects, designed to reduce corruption and inefficiency at the margin. This report argues that accountability should become the central goal of development. It is based on dialogues convened in Indonesia, Russia and Brazil with hundreds of leaders, from civil society, business, the public sector, international institutions and the media.
Public accountability has become difficult to ensure. There are a variety of factors, often rooted in the politico-bureaucratic institutions that render accountability mechanisms largely ineffective. This article considers public accountability in Malaysia and its limitations. In particular, it focuses on the mechanisms of public accountability and their roles in theoretical and empirical terms.
This research considers accountability issues for new forms of regulation that shift the emphasis from prescribing actions to regulating systems or regulating for results. Shortfalls at various levels of accountability are identified from experiences with these regimes in the regulation of building and fire safety, food safety and nuclear power plant safety. These experiences illustrate how accountability shortfalls can undermine regulatory performance and introduce a potential for subtle forms of regulatory capture. Read more »
This toolkit offers a collection of practical tools that civil society organisations and other advocacy groups can use in their efforts to 'clean up' local governments. The toolkit highlights the potential for civil society to create mechanisms for scrutiny and control of public institutions and to demand and promote accountable and responsive public administration.
This study reviews literature on public-private partnerships in education, as they apply to progress towards the Education for All goals, and highlights the policy lessons one can draw from it.
How the European Commission can take the lead in providing high-quality budget support for education and healthBy
Developing-country governments desperately need more long-term and predictable aid, given through their budgets, to finance the expansion of health care, education, and other vital social services. The European Commission (EC) is one of the biggest donors providing this kind of essential budget support, and has innovative plans to further improve and increase this aid. European Union (EU) member states must support these ambitious plans. Read more »
Better education is fundamental to the prospects for economic and social development and the end of world poverty. This report offers a rigorous set of interventions that countries can choose from to help provide universal access to high-quality education by focusing on hard-to-reach groups of people, educating girls and women to break the cycle of low education and strengthening educational opportunities for adolescents.
How can governance best be measured? This paper gives an overview of governance indicators and discusses their advantages and disadvantages. It argues that new transforming factors such as the Information Age, globalisation and decentralisation should be taken into account in governance assessments. Citizens’ requirements should be more accurately ascertained and indicators should be more objective and geographically disaggregated in order to implement good governance mechanisms.